Water Quality Resources for Strawberry Growers in Ventura County and the Central Coast
Prepared by Julie Newman, Farm Advisor
UCCE Ventura County
February 18, 2011
I. PUBLICATIONS AND RELATED MATERIALS
This is not a comprehensive list; these publications and many others are available at the ANR Catalog: http://anrcatalog.ucdavis.edu/
|1917||Strawberry Deficiency Symptoms: A Visual and Plant Analysis Guide to Fertilization. 1992.|
|3497||Watersheds, Groundwater and Drinking Water: A Practical Guide. T. Harter and L. Rollins. 2008.|
|8071||Sediment Management Practices for Strawberries. D Mountjoy. 2002.|
|8085||Groundwater Sampling and Monitoring. T. Harter.2003.|
|8118||Evaluating Water Quality. T. Hal. 2004.|
|8119||Pesticide Selection to Reduce Impacts on Water Quality. G. Ferruzzi. 2004.|
|8123||Nutrient Management Goals and Management Practices for Strawberries. G. Ferruzzi. 2004.|
|8161||Pesticide Choice: Best Management Practice (BMP) for Protecting Surface Water Quality in Agriculture. R. Long, J. Gan, M. Nett. 2005.|
|8195||Vegetative Filter Strips for Nonpoint Source Pollution Control in Agriculture. M. Grismer, T. O’Geen, D. Lewis. 2006.|
|8203||State and Federal Approach to Control of Nonpoint Sources of Pollution. J M Gerstein. 2006.|
|8211||Storing Runoff from Winter Rain. L. Schwankl, T. Pritchard, B. Hanson. 2007.|
|8332||Farm Water Quality Plan. M. Bianchi. 2004.|
|8390||Establishing Hedgerows on Farms in California. R. Long, J Anderson. 2010.|
|3351||Integrated Pest Management for Strawberries. L. Strand. 2008.|
|9005||Field Fumigation. By S. Cohen, T. Martin, M. L. Flint. 2009.|
UC County Publications
- Lygus Bug and Its Management on Strawberries. S. Dara. UC Cooperative Extension, Santa Barbara County.
- Spidermites and Their Management in Strawberries. S. Dara. UC Cooperative Extension, Santa Barbara County.
Newsletters, Notes, and Blogs
- Farm Water Quality News (2 issues only)
- UC Cooperative Extension Report Newsletter
- Spanish Language Strawberry Newsletter - Issue 1 and Issue 2 (collaborative project of UCCE Santa Barbara and the Cachuma Resource Conservation District addressing water quality issues)
- Ventura County Blog
- Fertilizer Management in Strawberry Production Blog (T. Hartz and M. Bolda)
- Mark Bolda’s Berry Blog
- Mark Bolda’s Blog on Strawberries and Caneberries in Spanish
- Berry Grower Notes
- Berry Grower Blog
- Strawberries and Vegetable News
- UC Strawberry and Vegetable Blogs
- Pest News Blog
- Follow calstrawberries on Twitter
- Follow calveggies on Twitter
Some Publications Available from Other Universities
Extension programs in Northeast Florida Help Growers Produce Quality Strawberries by Improving Water and Nutrient Management. R. Hochmuth, D. Dinkins, M. Sweat, E. Simonne. 2003. University of Florida IFAS Publication HS-956.
Nitrogen Fertilization of Strawberry Cultivars: Is Preplant Starter Fertilizer Needed? B. Santos and A. Whidden. 2007. University of Florida IFAS Publication HS1116.
Strawberry Fertilizer Guide for Western Oregon. J. Hart., A. Sheets, L. Martin. 2000. Oregon State University.
UC Cooperative Extension PowerPoint Presentations
- 8th Annual Strawberry Production Meeting in Ventura County (9/1/09)
- 7th Annual Strawberry Production Meeting in Ventura County (8/28/08)
- Taller en el Manejo del Suelo, Plaguicidas, Insectos y Deteccion de los Problemas con las Plantas
- Strawberry Diseases
- Strawberry Fumigation
- Strawberry Irrigation and Nutrients
- Strawberry Insects
- Strawberry Other Pests
- Strawberry Weeds
- Practical Examples of Vegetative Strip Plantings on the Central Coast (S. Earnshaw, CAFF)
- Using Vegetation and Polymers for Controlling Nutrient, Sediment, Pesticide and Bacteria in Runoff (M. Cahn, T. Suslow): http://cemonterey.ucdavis.edu/files/63102.pdf
- Alternative Fumigants and Fumigant Alternatives: Research Updates (5/7/10)
Santa Cruz County
- Irrigation Management of Strawberries (M. Cahn)
- Strawberry Nutrient Management (T. Hartz)
- Studies in Mineral Nutrition of Strawberry (M. Bolda)
- Sustainable Strawberry Production (S. Fennimore)
- Field Evaluations of Liquid Organic Fertilizers on Strawberries (M. Gaskell)
II. ONLINE RESOURCES AND KNOWLEDGE CENTERS
AgNic facilitates and participates in partnerships and cooperation among institutions and organizations world-wide that are committed to the identification, delivery and preservation of reliable, freely-available, evaluated, digital content and quality services for agriculture, food, and natural resources information.
ATTRA - National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service is managed by the National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT) and is funded under a grant from the USDA's Rural Business-Cooperative Service. It provides information and other technical assistance to farmers, ranchers, extension agents, educators, and others involved in sustainable agriculture in the United States. ATTRA Publications provide information related to sustainable farming. There are several ATTRA publications related to organic strawberry production.
The EXTension TOXicology NETwork (EXTOXNET) is an effort of University of California, Davis, Oregon State University, Michigan State University, Cornell University, and the University of Idaho. The EXTOXNET InfoBase provides a variety of information about pesticides, and can be used to select pesticides to minimize runoff.
This network is a comprehensive information and communications resource for berry and grape production practices, research, and marketing sponsored by Oregon State University, Washington State University, the University of Idaho, and the USDA Agricultural Research Service. Strawberries information.
The Farm Water Quality Planning program is a coordinated effort by the UC Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources cooperating with the Natural Resource Conservation Service. The goal is to improve water quality education to the irrigated agriculture industry in California. A number of resources can be accessed from this website including all of the Farm Water Quality Fact Sheets. County specific water quality resources and contacts are available although some of the contact information has not been updated since the educational programs were completed in 2007.
The Center provides best management practices developed by UC Cooperative Extension and direct connections to cutting edge research, new technologies and innovations, as well as practical advice in fruit and nut production. Strawberry information.
The UC IPM website contains information about managing agricultural pests, including UC's official guidelines for monitoring pests and using pesticides and non-pesticide alternatives for managing insect, mite, nematode, weed, and disease pests. Pest Management Guidelines for Strawberry. Pesticide properties and water quality risk information are also available.
The UC Davis Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics has “Studies for Central Coast Conservation Practices” available in pdf format. Each study describes a particular practice and provides a partial budget table estimating costs (costs per unit and reduced returns) and potential benefits (additional returns and reduced costs) for its installation, operation and maintenance. Costs and benefits are shown for low, representative and high cost scenarios. More detailed information on labor and material inputs for the representative scenario is contained on two additional tables. Cost studies include an annual cover crop, grass filter strip, grassed waterway, water/sediment control basin, on-farm row arrangement (including strawberry) and hedgerow planting, among others.
This website can be used to search through a comprehensive EPA-USDA database and find critical information on a pesticide's properties and water quality risks.
The UC Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program (SAREP) provides leadership and support for scientific research and education in agricultural and food systems that are economically viable, conserve natural resources and biodiversity, and enhance the quality of life in the state's communities. SAREP serves farmers, farmworkers, ranchers, researchers, educators, regulators, policy makers, industry professionals, consumers, and community organizations across the state. Program areas include biologically integrated farming systems, methyl bromide alternatives, organic farming information, and crop production, among others. There is also a database on cover crops.
The UC Small Farm Program focuses on the challenges and opportunities of California's small-scale farm operators. Field and marketing research aimed at the needs of small- and moderate-scale farmers is developed and provided to farmers who are often not reached by traditional extension programs. Clients include farmers of many different cultures who operate a wide variety of farming operations, often with limited resources.
The mission of the UC Water Resources Center is to stimulate and support water and water-related research. One program, The UC Cooperative Extension Water Quality Program, seeks to reduce the need for restrictive regulation and, in a manner that maintains agricultural productivity, avoid economic hardship and sustain an economical, safe supply of food and fiber.
The Weed Research and Information Center is an interdisciplinary collaboration that fosters research in weed management and facilitates distribution of associated knowledge for the benefit of agriculture and for the preservation of natural resources.
III. UC COOPERATIVE EXTENSION STRAWBERRY CROP ADVISORS AND DIAGNOSTIC SERVICE
UC Cooperative Extension (UCCE) is the public service division of the University of California, focusing on issues relating to agriculture, natural resources and communities. UCCE is a collaboration between UC and the County. This county-based service is your direct connection to University knowledge and expertise. For a complete list of county advisors and research scientists working on strawberries, see http://www.calstrawberry.com/fileData/docs/2011_Cnty_Univ_FA_AG_List_for_Production_Research.pdf
Santa Barbara and San Luis Obispo Counties
Surendra Dara, Ph.D. , Farm Advisor
UC Cooperative Extension
2156 Sierra Way, Ste. C
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401
Monterey and Santa Cruz Counties
Mark Bolda, Farm Advisor (also San Benito County)
UC Cooperative Extension
1432 Freedom Blvd.
Watsonville, CA 95076
IV. RESOURCE CONSERVATION DISTRICTS
Resource Conservation Districts (RCDs) are special districts organized under the California Public Resources Code. They have no regulatory function, but are charged with carrying out natural resource conservation programs within their boundaries. RCDs can provide public education, hire employees, provide technical assistance, enter into cooperative agreements, charge for services, own and or operate land, apply for grants and provide guidance to partnering agencies and organizations on conservation issues. The USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) has entered into mutual agreements with RCDs nationwide to provide technical assistance, free of charge, to landowners and others with conservation needs. RCDs working in cooperation with NRCS have been providing assistance to land users, schools, groups, organizations and the general public for more 60 years.
Ventura County Resource Conservation District (VCRCD) has a lead role in the implementation of the measures recommended for agriculture water conservation including on-farm evaluations, such as mobile irrigation lab irrigation evaluations, and workshops, field tours and expanded educational services. VCRCD also has a vital role in helping Ventura County growers comply with conditional waiver requirements by facilitating best management practices (BMPs) implementation and conducting surveys to help growers identify mitigation practices and develop water quality plans. Technical expertise and field experience of NRCS conservation specialists can be accessed to assist landowners in solving their natural and agricultural resource challenges. VCRCD assists in the preparation and review of Hillside Erosion Control Plans on new agricultural developments in critical areas (sloping lands) and co-manages the Calleguas Creek Permit Coordination Program that will significantly simplify the permitting process for those wanting to undertake certain conservation practices.
Ventura Resource Conservation District
3380 Somis Road, P.O. Box 147
Somis, CA 93066
Marty Melvin, Executive Officer
Emmanuel Gonzalez, BMP Specialist
office: 805-386-4489 ext 114
Vic Akundzadeh, Irrigation Technician for Mobile Lab
805-386-4489 ext 113
Tracy Zaragoza, Program Outreach Specialist (Mobile Lab and grower assistance with funding)
Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo, and Kern Counties
The Cachuma Resource Conservation District (CRCD) works with landowners and groups to voluntarily conserve and improve natural resources such as water, soil, and habitat. CRCD provides consulting and technical assistance services to local individuals and groups to implement projects. Projects are often related to irrigation and nutrient management; bilingual agricultural community education and outreach; engineering services, including field drainage, erosion control, and sediment management; habitat restoration; fire prevention, preparedness, and recovery; biological monitoring; and pollinator conservation on farms. The CRCD currently provides free irrigation evaluations for land managers such as agricultural growers. CRCD also helps maintain the CIMIS stations county wide and provide evapotranspiration information for a phone hotline that can be reached at 805-928-9344 or 1-888-CIMIS2U (1-888-246-4728). CRCD can also help with permit coordination on a fee for service basis for some projects. The CRCD is always looking for opportunities to collaborate with individuals and groups on implementing these and other projects—do not hesitate to contact CRCD for additional information or to request CRCD’s services.
Cachuma Resource Conservation District (CRCD)
920 East Stowell Road
Santa Maria, CA 93454
Anne Coates, Executive Director
805-928-9269 ext 110
Julie Fallon, CCA and Soil and Water Resource Specialist
805-928-9269 ext 120
The Resource Conservation District of Monterey County (RCDMC) provides direct assistance to Monterey County farmers and landowners to protect their soil, water, and natural habitats. The RCDMC is also a partner with agricultural and natural resource protection organizations and agencies throughout the Central Coast. Services include permit coordination information, and downloadable RCD and partner publications related to water quality issues, including technical references in English and Spanish.
Santa Cruz County
The Resource Conservation District of Santa Cruz County (RCDSCC) offers a variety of services tailored to address local natural resource issues while balancing the environmental and economic needs of the community. Services and resources include publications and brochures, “Conservation Currents” newsletter back issues, maps, soil surveys, permit coordination and permitting guide, and cost share assistance.
Santa Cruz County Resource Conservation District
820 Bay Avenue, Suite 128
Capitola, CA 95010
Karen Christensen, Executive Director RCDSCC
831-464-2950 ext. 17
Nik Strong-Cvetich (Habla espanol)
831- 464-2950 ext 11
V. NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION SERVICE
The Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), a federal agency of the USDA, is responsible for providing natural resource conservation assistance to private landowners. NRCS staff have expertise in soils, engineering, wildlife biology, range and cropland management to provide comprehensive resource management planning to landowners. Various publications, including management practice technical guides, and services are available on the website. The NRCS provides free technical planning assistance to farmers, ranchers, and rural land owners to address resource concerns. Some NRCS offices may also have specialists that work exclusively on water quality issues as part of the AWQA. The NRCS provides assistance to landowners through several voluntary USDA cost sharing and incentives programs such as the Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP), which offers financial and technical assistance to eligible participants for the installation of vegetated, structural and management practices such as soil erosion, water quality and quantity improvements, and wildlife habitat restoration. Limited resource producers and beginning farmers and ranchers may be eligible for cost-share up to 90 percent. See http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/eqip/ for an online EQIP application. A list of NRCS offices and associated District Conservationists are listed below. The District Conservationist in each office can arrange for a site assessment and consultation with hydrologists, engineers, and other NRCS staff.
Somis Service Center:
Dawn Afman, District Conservationist USDA-NRCS
3380 Somis Road, P.O. Box 147
Somis, CA 93066
Santa Barbara County
Santa Maria Service Center:
John Bechtold, District Conservationist USDA-NRCS
920 E. Stowell Rd.
Santa Maria, CA 93454
805- 928-9269 ext 105
San Luis Obispo County
Templeton Service District:
Margy Lindquist, District Conservationist USDA-NRCS
65 S Main Street, Ste 106
Templeton, CA 93465
Monterey/ Santa Cruz Counties
Salinas Service Center:
Robert LaFleur, District Conservationist USDA-NRCS
744-A La Guardia St.
Salinas, CA 93905
USDA NRCS Salinas Area Office
Daniel Mountjoy Assistant State Conservationist-Field Operations
318 Cayuga St, Ste 206
Salinas, CA 93901-2668
831-754-1595 ext. 107
USDA NRCS Program Delivery Point Capitola
Richard Casale, District Conservationist
820 Bay Avenue, Suite 107
Capitola, CA 95010
VI. INDUSTRY SUPPORT GROUPS AND AGENCIES
Agriculture Water Quality Alliance
The Agriculture Water Quality Alliance is a regional collaboration of agriculture industry groups; federal, state, and local agencies; technical experts; environmental organizations, and university researchers working to carry out the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary’s Agriculture and Rural Lands Plan. There are numerous partners working together on this regional effort including county Farm Bureaus, county ag commissioners, UC Cooperative Extension, the Central Coast Agricultural Water Quality Coalition, and Resource Conservation Districts of Montery, Santa Cruz, and San Mateo counties. The website includes a calendar of water quality educational opportunities and a number of downloadable publications related to water quality issues on farms. It also includes a list of technical advisors that can provide free, confidential water quality evaluations in Monterey, San Benito, San Mateo, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Santa Clara, and Santa Cruz Counties.
California Farm Bureau Federation
The California Farm Bureau Federation is a statewide organization that provides information, research, insurance services and other benefits to its members. Farm Bureau serves as a collective voice for farmers and ranchers and cooperates with other agricultural organizations to fulfill its purpose of working for the solutions to the problems of the farm, the farm home and the rural community.
There are chapters in 56 counties, including:
- Farm Bureau of Ventura County
- Santa Barbara County Farm Bureau
- San Luis Obispo County Farm Bureau
- Monterey County Farm Bureau
- Santa Cruz County Farm Bureau
California Strawberry Commission
The California Strawberry Commission (CSC) is a state-chartered agency of the California Department of Food and Agriculture representing California strawberry shippers, processors and growers funded by self-taxation or assessments on California strawberry growers. CSC provides information, research, an educational calendar and other services for the California strawberry industry. Activities and projects include food safety, trade relations, marketing communications, production and nutrition research, and public policy. Annual Research Reports.
Central Coast Agricultural Water Quality Coalition
The Agricultural Water Quality Program of the Central Coast Agricultural Water Quality Coalition spans 7 counties , including Monterey, Santa Cruz, San Mateo, Santa Clara, San Benito, San Luis Obispo and Santa Barbara Counties. The Coalition represents farmers and ranchers in the development and implementation of voluntary, cost-effective, producer-directed programs to protect water quality on the Central Coast. The Coalition represents six County Farm Bureaus whose watersheds drain to the Monterey Bay Sanctuary. The Coalition assists growers in the implementation of the Conditional Ag Waiver. Staff that assist growers with accessing sources of funding and provide technical assistance for the design and implementation of water quality protection practices. Technical services include analysis, recommendations and assistance with such projects as cover cropping, irrigation distribution uniformity, and irrigation efficiency evaluations (depending on current level of funding).
Central Coast Water Quality Preservation, Inc.
The Central Coast Water Quality Preservation, Inc. (CCWQP) manages the Cooperative Monitoring Program (CMP) on behalf of irrigated agriculture throughout the Central Coast for the Central Coast Regional Water Quality Board conditional waiver program, including portions of San Mateo County and all of Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, San Benito, Monterey, San Luis Obispo, and Santa Barbara counties.
Central Coast Water Quality Preservation, Inc.
PO Box 1049
Watsonville CA 95077
Kirk Schmidt, Executive Director
Sarah Greene, Program Manager
Community Alliance with Family Farmers
The Community Alliance with Family Farmers (CAFF) is a nonprofit member-activist organization of rural and urban people who foster family-scale agriculture that cares for the land, sustains local economies, and promotes social justice. CAFF has been increasing farm biodiversity with native plant hedgerow projects in the Central Coast, North Coast and San Joaquin Valley regions since 2001. There are several publications related to the use of hedgerows in California with related discussions on windbreaks and filter strips that are downloadable from the website. Sam Earnshaw specializes in the planning and installation of insectary hedgerows, erosion control plantings, and wildlife habitat.
Ventura County Irrigated Lands Group
VCAILG is the conditional waiver group for Ventura County landowners who wish to comply as a group to requirements of the Los Angeles Regional Water Quality Control Board conditional waiver requirements. VCAILG is administered by the Ventura County Farm Bureau.
Dale Zurawski, Water Quality Program Manager
Farm Bureau of Ventura County
5156 McGrath St., Suite 102, P.O. Box 3160
Ventura, CA 93006
VII. WATER BOARDS AND AG WAIVER/TMDL INFORMATION
Los Angeles Regional Water Quality Control Board (Region 4)
Region 4 includes all coastal watersheds of Los Angeles and Ventura Counties, and small portions of Kern and Santa Barbara Counties.
Ag Waiver Program: (See also Ventura County Irrigated Lands Group)
Los Angeles Regional Water Quality Control Board
Central Coast Regional Water Quality Control Board (Region 3)
Region 3 includes all of Santa Cruz, San Benito, Monterey, San Luis Obispo, and Santa Barbara Counties; it also includes the southern part of Santa Clara County, and small portions of San Mateo, Kern, and Ventura Counties.
Agricultural Regulatory Program Staff:
Ag Waiver Educational Credits:
Corinne Huckaby, Sanitary Engineering Associate